Trump vows immigration crackdown after New York attack

By AFP/Paul Handley, Andrew Beatty   November 1, 2017 | 06:40 pm PT
Trump vows immigration crackdown after New York attack
Shabir Safi (C) from Afghanistan, says the Pledge of Allegiance during a US citizenship special Halloween-themed ceremony at the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) Washington Field Office in Fairfax, Virginia, on October 31, 2017. Recent attacks in New York have only made it much more difficult for immigrants in the US as President Trump vows tougher measures to curb immigration. Photo by AFP/Jim Watson
'Diversity lottery. Diversity lottery. Sounds nice. It's not nice,' he said. 

President Donald Trump on Wednesday vowed a battery of tough measures to curb immigration after a deadly terror attack in New York, but left the White House scrambling to figure out how to fulfil his promises.

Looking to burnish his hardline image after what appeared to be the first major jihadist attack on the homeland during his administration, Trump pledged sweeping reform.

Surrounded by the cabinet, Trump -- who ran for the White House on a promise to end what he called "radical Islamic terrorism" -- announced he was "starting the process of terminating" America's green card lottery.

"Diversity lottery. Diversity lottery. Sounds nice. It's not nice," he said. "We're so politically correct that we're afraid to do anything."

The program was created 27 years ago and awards U.S. permanent resident visas to around 50,000 applicants from around the world each year.

According to Trump, 29-year-old Sayfullo Saipov, identified by authorities as the man who plowed a rented truck into cyclists and pedestrians on a New York City bike path Tuesday, came to the country via the program in 2010.

Trump also floated deep changes to how terror suspects are prosecuted and said he would consider sending Saipov to Guantanamo Bay, the U.S. military detention center which holds suspected foreign jihadists in Cuba.

"(We) have to come up with punishment that's far quicker and far greater than the punishment these animals are getting right now," Trump said.

But the White House was forced to walk back some of his comments, stressing that he was not taking executive action but looking to Congress to change decades old laws.

"We're going to continue pushing for and advocating for getting rid of this program," press secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders said of the green card lottery.

Sanders also ruled out executive action to introduce "quicker" and "greater" punishment for those guilty of terror offenses.

"I believe he was voicing his frustration with the lengthy process that often comes with a case like this," Sanders said.

And just hours after Trump and the White House suggested declaring Saipov an "enemy combatant" -- opening the possibility of detention without charge and possible dispatch to Guantanamo, that idea was also undercut.

Prosecutors in New York quickly announced two initial charges against Saipov: provision of material support and resources to a designated foreign terrorist organization, and violence and destruction of motor vehicles.

Saipov, 29, who was arrested after being shot by police, planned for weeks to undertake his attack in the name of Islamic State, following online instructions from the jihadist group, officials said.

New York Governor Andrew Cuomo said he was "radicalized domestically" only after he came to the country, "when he started to become informed about ISIS and radical Islamic tactics."

Closing doors to immigration 

Trump ran for election last year promising a crackdown on immigration, including building a wall on the Mexican border and banning Muslim immigrants.

This year he has already slashed the country's annual refugee intake by more than 50 percent to 45,000, tightened visa issuance around the world and ordered a ban on travelers from 11 unnamed "high-risk" countries.

Refugee experts say all but one have Muslim-majority populations; they do not include Uzbekistan.

The officially titled Diversity Lottery Program aims to diversify the origins of people granted permanent residence -- so-called green cards -- in the United States.

In 2015, lottery applications were received from more than 14 million people, of whom 49,377 won green cards, including 2,524 Uzbeks.

Trump said he wants to move U.S. immigration to a "merit-based system" and not allow immigrants to bring their extended families.

Republicans in Congress have tried for several years to eliminate the visa lottery program, but were stifled by Democratic resistance.

Trump blamed the program on Chuck Schumer, the senior Democratic senator from New York, even though it was resoundingly supported by both parties and signed into law in 1990 by a Republican president, George HW Bush.

Few U.S. attacks by immigrants 

Tuesday's incident was the second time the lottery has been tied to a jihadist attack inside the United States.

In July 2002, an Egyptian man whose wife entered the country on the green card program shot two people dead at the ticket counter for El Al, the Israeli airline.

Otherwise, Trump's immigration crackdown would not have prevented any of the deadly jihadist attacks inside the United States over the past 16 years.

Most have been perpetrated by U.S.-born and radicalized perpetrators. And most have family ties to countries not covered by Trump's travel bans -- Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Afghanistan and others.

According to a 2016 CATO study, the chance of an American being killed at home in a terrorist attack committed by a foreigner is one in 3.6 million, or one in 3.64 billion for foreign refugees.

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