Malaysia king to choose prime minister in post-election crisis

By Reuters   November 22, 2022 | 12:57 am PT
Malaysia's King Al-Sultan Abdullah said on Tuesday that he will pick the next prime minister soon after the leading two contenders failed to win a majority, but did not specify timing for his decision, as the political crisis from an inconclusive election dragged on for a third day.
Malaysian King Sultan Abdullah Sultan Ahmad Shah smiles outside the National Palace in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, November 21, 2022. Photo by Reuters/Hasnoor Hussain

Malaysian King Sultan Abdullah Sultan Ahmad Shah smiles outside the National Palace in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, November 21, 2022. Photo by Reuters/Hasnoor Hussain

Saturday's election resulted in an unprecedented hung parliament, with neither opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim nor former premier Muhyiddin Yassin winning the simple majority needed to form a government.

The election prolongs political instability in the Southeast Asian nation, which has had three prime ministers in as many years, and risks delays to policy decisions needed to galvanise an economic recovery.

The king had given political parties until 2 p.m. (0600 GMT) on Tuesday to put together alliances needed for a majority.

But the incumbent Barisan Nasional coalition said it would not support either candidate, a move that prevented both Anwar and Muhyiddin from reaching a majority.

It is now up to the constitutional monarch, who plays a largely ceremonial role but can appoint whoever he believes will command a majority.

"Let me make a decision soon," the king told reporters outside the national palace.

He also asked Malaysians to accept any decision about the government formation.

In a statement later, the palace said no lawmaker had managed to get a simple majority to be appointed as the prime minister. It invited Anwar and Muhyiddin for an audience with the king at 1630 local time (0830 GMT).

The uncertainty hit the Kuala Lumpur stock market, which fell for a second day on Tuesday. Significant election gains by an Islamist party added to investors' fears, notably over policies on gambling and alcohol consumption.

Its electoral gains have also raised fears in multicultural Malaysia, which has significant ethnic Chinese and ethnic Indian minorities following other faiths. The PAS Islamist party has advocated for sharia law.

Malaysian police cautioned the country's social media users to refrain from posting "provocative" content on race and religion after the divisive election.

Minority government?

Anwar's progressive coalition and Muhyiddin's conservative Malay Muslim alliance - which includes the Islamist party - have both said they have majority support, though they did not identify their backers.

Nik Ahmad Kamal Nik Mahmod, law lecturer at the International Islamic University of Malaysia, said a minority government could be formed or the king could ask to meet with lawmakers individually to hear their choices for prime minister.

"If a minority government is appointed, it is proper for the new government to table a vote of confidence when parliament reopens," he said.

Anwar's coalition won the most seats in the Saturday election with 82, while Muhyiddin's bloc won 73. They need 112 - a simple majority - to form a government.

Barisan won only 30 seats - its worst electoral performance - but was expected to play a pivotal role in deciding who forms the government as its support is needed for both Anwar and Muhyiddin to get to 112.

It is the decline of the once-dominant Barisan and its leading party, the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), that has ushered in a new uncertain phase in Malaysia.

Barisan led every government since independence from British colonial rule in 1957 up until its first defeat in the 2018 election. It returned to power under Ismail in 2021 after the collapse of two coalition from infighting.

Corruption allegations, mostly related to the looting of billions of dollars from sovereign fund 1Malaysia Development Bhd (IMDB), for which former prime minister Najib Razak was jailed this year, seriously wounded UMNO's image.

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